About RT3T™ – Reciprocal Teaching 3-Track


modernised school-wide strategy of reciprocal teaching, based on improvement science, for impact, inclusion and sustainability.

This collaborative foundational pedagogy
Builds teacher and ākonga capacity with instructional coaching

ako, kanohi ki te kanohi, whānaungatanga

crucial 21st century literacy skills and
confident meaning-making and multi-perspective thinking skills

RT3T™ is about dynamic learning-focussed relationships
between teachers, ākonga and whānau

What is RT3T™ (Reciprocal Teaching 3 Track)?

RT3T™ is a modernised version of reciprocal teaching. RT3T™ is a core multi-strategy research-based package which aims at improving students' skills in accessing and understanding challenging text in any learning area.

RT3T™ is not just about ‘reading’, but also about:

  • cross-curricular learning in core skills: communication, thinking, teamwork and leadership skills
  • accelerate coaching at formative year levels and for inclusion
  • teaching for transfer and integration into all learning areas

This powerful team approach to collaborative teaching and learning is popular with teachers and students alike.

The newly refined tools are developed for high impact and sustainability with our school|kura, CoL|Kāhui Ako.

If RT3T™ is implemented by skilled trained operators, students can become focussed and empowered learners, and accelerate in literacy and deeper thinking skills, while also growing in tuakana-teina and collaborative kanohi ki te kanohi (face to face) skills. These skills are central to success throughout school and tertiary education, and for lifelong learning.

Research Background to RT3T™

Julia’s research on reciprocal teaching has attracted both national and international recognition. Her PhD (2002): ‘Reciprocal Teaching as a school-wide inclusive strategy’ was one of five US and international studies accepted for the What Works Clearinghouse review of reciprocal teaching for secondary schools.

In 2011 she was asked to co-author ‘BES Exemplar 4: Reciprocal Teaching’ with Dr Adrienne Alton-Lee and Cathy Pulegatoa Diggins. We now have documented results of implementing the first phase of RT3T™ in a low decile Pasifika primary school (Westera & Alton-Lee, 2014)[1] and a large Pasifika secondary school.

In late 2013 Julia left the Ministry of Education with an intent to scale up and modernise reciprocal teaching with an updated evidence-based and concerted strategic approach. In collaboration with many schools, educators and students, this single-minded effort has led to our modernised strategy: RT3T™ (Reciprocal Teaching – Three Track).

This new version comprises two unique developments.

The first is a contemporary and accessible prototype of Reciprocal Teaching, RT Tokotoko™, specifically for the NZ context. This includes adaptions based on the latest research. Developed initially with Pasifika students, this prototype generates quick excitement, ownership and strong outcomes with all students and their teachers.

The second development is the new RT3T™ (Reciprocal Teaching 3 Track). RT3T™ is a modernised school-wide and cluster-wide multi-phase strategy for high impact results for all students. RT3T™ raises both the capability of teachers to effectively apply reciprocal teaching, and the schools’ capability to effectively implement a sustainable, school-wide strategy.

In 2015 Julia presented at the EARLI Conference in Cyprus. At this leading European biennial conference her paper was ranked in the top 15% in terms of relevance. This followed Julia’s successful presentation the previous year on her research and development of the reciprocal teaching method at the Implementing Implementation Science Conference at Cambridge University in the UK.

Julia has also written three feature articles for the Education Gazette and Gazette Focus: 'Reciprocal Teaching: a School-Wide Core Teaching and Learning Strategy for all Schools' (2014); 'Reciprocal Teaching: an update on this core teaching and learning strategy' (2015); and 'Generating Seismic Shifts with Reciprocal Teaching' (2016).

[1] Westera, J., & Alton-Lee, A. (2014). Reciprocal Teaching: An Implementation Case.

Iterative Best Evidence Synthesis ProgrammeHei Kete Raukura. Wellington: Ministry of Education.